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In order to actively promote national cyber security policy, speed up the establishment of national cyber security environment, and enhance national competitiveness, the Executive Yuan approved "Developing a National Information and Communication Infrastructure Security Mechanism Plan (Phase 1:2001-2004) " based on the resolution of No.2718 Cabinet meeting in January 2001 and formed “National Information and Communication Security Taskforce, NICST”. Shortly after NICST was established, “National Center for Cyber Security Technology, NCCST” was set up in March 2001 to assist NICST promote cyber security protection mechanism and provide technical services to government agencies, including prior-incident security protection, during-incident early warning and responses, and post-incident recoveries and forensics.

Since the establishment of NICST, it has actively led government agencies to strengthen the cyber security protection and achieved good results. However, cyber security requires long-term dedication; there have been five consecutive four-year-phases since 2001. Currently, it is the 5th Phase of the Program called “National Cyber Security Program, 2017-2020.”Through four promotional strategies such as Complete the Cyber Security Infrastructure, Construct national Cyber Security Joint-Defense System, Increase the Cyber Security Self-Development Energy, and Nurture Cyber Security Talents, we wish to enhance the overall cyber security protection and achieve the vision of “a safe and reliable digital nation”

Due to the unique political and economic situation, as well as the complex and diversified change of telecommunication, Taiwan is facing a more difficult situation of cyber security threats than most other countries. Therefore, a persistent dedication to implement and enhance the cyber security protection tasks is necessary. As a result, in order to promote overall cyber security protection mechanism, the Executive Yuan established the Department of Cyber Security (DCS), EY on August 1st, 2016. The DCS supervises national cyber security mechanism at Yuan level, promotes comprehensive cyber security missions with professionals and specialized taskforces, while supervise and conduct NCCST to perform cyber security related tasks.

According to the 5th Phase Program and National Cyber Security Strategy Report, the core mission scope of NCCST is listed as follows:

1.Research and consult regarding cyber security regulation, standard and guidance; research and analyze overall cyber security threats trends to grasp current cyber security risks and protection methods to complete national cyber security infrastructure environment.

2.Develop government cyber security governance maturity model; establish big data analysis capabilities and strengthen cyber security joint-defense monitoring of government agencies.

3.Plan and promote overall cyber security protection for government agencies. Establish all-round comprehensive cyber security defense mechanism.

4.Promote national-level joint-defense system, establish cyber security information sharing mechanism, maintain and operate National- Information Sharing and Analysis Center (N-ISAC), National- Computer Emergency Response Team (N-CERT), and National- Security Operation Center (N-SOC).

5.Assist government agencies to deal with cyber security incidents, and strengthen emergency response and recovery capabilities. Hold cyber security exercise, together with cyber security audits and technical inspections to enhance cyber security protection, monitoring, early warning, management, incident report and emergency response for government agencies.

6.Promote cyber security protection for critical infrastructure. Establish national-level cyber security risk assessment mechanism.

7.Plan government cyber security development blueprint, execute training assessments, and continue to incubate cyber security professionals to reinforce national cyber security awareness.

8.Promote cyber security academic and research cooperation. Facilitate international cyber security cooperation and experience sharing.

9.Other cyber security related affairs.